Nieuwe formulering Euthyrox

Er komen nieuwe tabletten van het middel Euthyrox. Deze zijn vanaf juni in Nederland op de markt. Apotheken maken echter eerst hun oude voorraad op, dus mogelijk krijgt men na 1 juni toch nog een keer de oude formulering mee. Per september zullen alle patienten de nieuwe formulering gebruiken.

Voor meer informatie en achtergronden, zie het bericht op de website van SON:

https://www.schildklier.nl/nieuws/43-nieuws/559-startdatum-invoering-nieuwe-formulering-euthyrox-per-1-juni-gestart

 

 

Het meten van endocrine-disruptors

People are constantly exposed to a wide variety of chemicals. Some of these compounds, such as parabens, bisphenols and phthalates, are known to have endocrine disrupting potencies. Over the years, these endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) have been a rising cause for concern. In this study, we describe setup and validation of two methods to measure EDCs in human urine, using ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. The phenol method determines methyl-, ethyl-, propyl-, n-butyl- and benzylparaben and bisphenol A, F and S. The phthalate method determines in total 13 metabolites of dimethyl, diethyl, diisobutyl, di-n-butyl, di(2-ethylhexyl), butylbenzyl, diiso-nonyl and diisodecyl phthalate. Runtime was 7 and 8 min per sample for phenols and phthalates, respectively. The methods were validated by the National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST) for 13 compounds. In addition, EDCs were measured in forty 24-h urine samples, of which 12 EDCs were compared with the same samples measured in an established facility (Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark). The intra-assay coefficient of variability (CV) was highest at 10% and inter-assay CV was highest at 12%. Recoveries ranged from 86 to 115%. The limit of detection ranged from 0.06 to 0.43 ng/mL. Of 21 compounds, 10 were detected above limit of detection in ≥93% of the samples. Eight compounds were in accordance to NIST reference concentrations. Differences in intercept were found for two compounds whereas slope differed for six compounds between our method and that used in the Danish facility. In conclusion, we set up and validated two high-throughput methods with very short runtime capable of measuring 5 parabens, 3 bisphenols and 13 different metabolites of 8 phthalates. Sensitivity of the phenol method was increased by using ammonium fluoride in the mobile phase.

Voor het complete artikel: https://academic.oup.com/jat/advance-article/doi/10.1093/jat/bkz027/5482460

 

 

Feochromocytoom en paraganglioom

INTRODUCTION: Recent years have seen major changes in clinical practice which may have affected the incidence rates of pheochromocytoma(PCC)/sympathetic paraganglioma(sPGL). There is, however, a lack of up-to-date information describing trends in these incidence rates.

METHODS: We searched the Dutch pathology registry to identify all histopathologically confirmed cases of PCC/sPGL diagnosed between 1995 and 2015. We calculated incidence rates according to age category as well as age-standardized incidence rates (ASR). We also searched Medline and Embase to find data on nationwide incidence rates of PCC/sPGL.

RESULTS: The nationwide pathology study revealed a total of 1493 patients with either PCC or sPGL. The ASR for PCC increased from 0.29 (95% CI: 0.24-0.33) to 0.46 (95% CI: 0.39-0.53) per 100,000 person-years in the periods 1995-1999 and 2011-2015, respectively. For sPGL the ASR in these same periods were 0.08 (95% CI: 0.06-0.10) and 0.11 (95% CI: 0.09-0.13) per 100,000 person-years, respectively. Concomitantly, PCC size decreased (β -0.17; P < .001) and age at diagnosis increased (β 0.13; P = .001). Our systematic search yielded 3 papers reporting on a total of 530 PCC/sPGL cases, showing a combined annual incidence rate varying from 0.04 to 0.21 per 100,000 person-years.

CONCLUSION: Incidence rates of PCC/sPGL have increased significantly over the past two decades. This trend coincides with a higher age and a smaller tumor size at diagnosis. Most likely these observations are at least in part the result of changes in clinical practice during the study period, with a more intensified use of both imaging studies and biochemical tests for detecting PCC/sPGL.

Het volledige artikel vindt u op: https://www.ejinme.com/article/S0953-6205(18)30015-3/fulltext

 

 

Cobalamine (vitamine B12) deficiëntie

Although cobalamin (vitamin B12) deficiency was described over a century ago, it is still difficult to establish the correct diagnosis and prescribe the right treatment. Symptoms related to vitamin B12 deficiency may be diverse and vary from neurologic to psychiatric. A number of individuals with vitamin B12 deficiency may present with the classic megaloblastic anemia.

In clinical practice, many cases of vitamin B12 deficiency are overlooked or sometimes even misdiagnosed. In this review, we describe the heterogeneous disease spectrum of patients with vitamin B12 deficiency in whom the diagnosis was either based on low serum B12 levels, elevated biomarkers like methylmalonic acid and/or homocysteine, or the improvement of clinical symptoms after the institution of parenteral vitamin B12 therapy. We discuss the possible clinical signs and symptoms of patients with B12 deficiency and the various pitfalls of diagnosis and treatment.

Het volledige artikel vindt u op: https://mcpiqojournal.org/article/S2542-4548(19)30033-5/fulltext

 

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